In 1097 AD, Nanyadev established his Hindu Kingdom in Simraungadh (today’s Bara). The last king of the kingdom, rich in art, culture as well wealth, was Hari Singha Dev (mentioned as Har Singha Dev in some texts). These kings were members of the Thakur clan. It is said that the Thakur clan was created by divine intervention. In 1324 AD, Delhi’s emperor Gayashuddin Tuglaq attacked Simraungadh. King Hari Singha Dev, Queen Deval Devi, their juvenile son Jagat Singh and Minister Chandeswhor Thakkur, along with a handful of troops followed the Bagmati and crossed the Chure hills, where they found a place to hide. The group built a fort in the area which became known as the Hariharpur Fort. The fort was built in an area similar to Simraungadh. Both the places are encircled by rivers. A year after the fort was built, King Mukunda Sen attacked it from the west to conquer it. King Hari Singha Dev fled east and died near Teen Patan. On August 20, 1762, King Digbandhan Sen of Makwanpur sent his family members to Hariharpurgadhi after the Gorkhali army camped outside the fort of Makwanpur. When the Gorkhali army attacked the fort on August 21, King Dighbandan Sen fled to Hariharpurgadhi after his kingdom fell into the hands of the Gorkhas. The Gorkhali army conquered Hariharpurgadhi on October 4.
Our Historical and tourist destination Hariharpurgadhi Fort can be reached via different paths.
It takes 2,5 hours to reach Namobuddha, Kavre from Kathmandu. Starting the hike from there, HariharpurGadhi can be reached , travelling through Phaparchuli, Bastipur, Chandanpur, Tinubhanjyang, Kali River, Madhubani, Khalanga, Bhadaure and Sepaha Village.
HariharpurGadhi can be reached hiking from SindhuliGadhi travelling along Chapaili, Naagi, Matanbas, Bandipur, up the Phaparchuli to Chandanpur, Tunibhanjyang, Koltar, along river banks of Kalikhola to Madhubani, Khalanga, Bhadaure and Sepaha village.
Ghante, located at a two-hour walk from the fort, can be reached via the East-West Madan Bhandari Highway. It can also be reached via Hetauda or Singdhulimadhi. If you take the Kanti Highway, which connects Lalitpur to Hetauda, you can also observe the Makwanpur Fort on the way. This highway is shorter than other routes.
Hemkarna Sen, the father the last king of Makwanpur, ruled his kingdom from 1693 to 1759 AD. Sen built a Mahadev temp-le near the fort on the banks of the Bagmati in around 1744. He is believed to have offered a big bell to the temple. The temple became known as Hemkarneshwor or Ghante Mahadev (because of the big bell that stands in front of the temple). The temple was ruined by the 1934 quake, but was late excavated in 1961. A Shiva Linga and some stone inscriptions were found, which can be seen at the temple.
To the north of Hariharpugadhi lies a historic pond. Similarly, at a distance of around 1 km from the fort, lay the Ranipokhari (queen’s pond) and a tap. Ghodakot. Khor Bhanjyang, Sipahi Danda, Gurju Danda, Naag Daha, Kokro Daha, Bhaluodhar (Naag Gufa), Bhairavthan and Bhimsenthan are other places of historic importance near the fort.
To the east of the fort lies the historic Kali Devi temple. Looking at the idols found in the temple, once can say that it was built along with the fort.
To the north of Hariharpurgadhi lies Jeetpur on a higher elevation than Hariharpurgadhi. The area is home to the Tamang community, where tourists can enjoy Buddhist culture and learn about their lifestyle. The Solighopte Hill is famous for the magnificent vista of the Kokhajor river and the Chisapani hill. The Bhimgadh hill, which boasts a jungle rich in rhodendron plants is also nearby.
Kokhajor and Marin rivers are famous for their fish. At the Solighopte hill, one can enjoy the beautiful view and enjoy fishing. As the sun sets on the Chisapani hill, the view from the banks of the Bagmati is quite stunning. One can not only go fishing on the Marin River, but also enjoy the local food and rituals. The art, language and lifestyle of the Danuar community, which lives in inner Terai, are the main specialties of this place. Homestay facilities have been developed for tourists who come to visit Hariharpurgadhi.